Article 3 of the Constitution of Mongolia, approved in 1992, stipulated that “State power shall be vested in the people of Mongolia. The people shall exercise state power through their direct participation in State affairs as well as through the representative bodies of state power elected by them” and Article 16 saying that “citizens of Mongolia shall be guaranteed the privilege to enjoy the right to the take part in the conduct of State affairs directly or through representative bodies. The right to elect and to be elected to state bodies. The right to elect shall be enjoyed from the age of eighteen years old and the age eligible for being elected shall be defined by law according to the requirements in respect of the bodies or posts concerned” have provided guarantees for democratic elections. Since that time Mongolia has conducted three times each the State Great Hural’s, Presidential and Citizens’ Representative Hural’s elections. To Mongolia, which aims to establish democratic and civic society, the legal provisions on the free and fair elections have a significant importance for advancement of democratic processes.
Universal, equal, direct, fair and free elections serve as a measurement of the level of democracy in the country.