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Topic :   Population, Health and Food  
National Report on Violence and Health Mongolia PDF Print E-mail

Mongolia is actually one of few land-locked countries in the world. It is located on the wrinkled forehead of North-East Asia and sandwiched between two superpowers. It has a 3485 km common frontier with Russia on the north and a 4656 km frontier with China on the south. Its territory is 1 564 000 square kms and it ranks 17th in the world for size. Concerning population density, however, Mongolia is among the most sparsely populated. Its climate has a classic continental pattern with extremes, though with all four seasons of the year. Those who manage to survive in such conditions may stand the test of climates elsewhere. (25) According to provisions of the Constitution endorsed in 1992, Mongolia has a parliament, the Mongolian State Ikh Khural comprised of 76 seats and one chamber. The members of the parliament are elected to four-year terms. The President of the State is elected by means of a nationwide election, also for four years and with the possibility of one additional term subject to re-election. As of the first half of 2006, there are 23 political parties registered with the State Supreme Court, aiming at development of a democratic humanistic society. The executive function of the state is carried out by a government headed by a Prime Minister. As for the administrative structure, Mongolia has 21 Aimags (provinces). Ulaanbaatar, the capital city, has nine districts, which are split into further 121 segments called “khoroo”. The Aimags consist of 331 soums (primary administrative settlements), which are further divided into 1550 baghs (basic administrative units). (21)
Given the sparse and dispersed population, there is some grassroots action to make the system more compact and save on administrative expenses. According to the current electoral system, when a political party wins a majority they in turn take over administrative power. This has been strongly criticized by some researchers. There are some politicians who believe that if the administrative bureaucracy were free from party direction, then the elected government would be more reliable and stable.

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Author : World Health Organization
Source : World Health Organization
Topic :   Population, Health and Food  
File type : PDF
Year : 2007
Keyword : violence, health,

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DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION AND RESOURCE CENTRE

Welcome to the Development information and resource center (DIRC). This is an on-line archive of policy research reports, assessments, policy recommendations & briefings and public policy documents. This center contains documents about Mongolia’s socio-economic development issues. These documents are carried out by donor organisations, the academic community and NGOs.

The center also offers e-library services to The World Bank, JSTOR, Oxford Reference Books and Cambridge On-line Journals.


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