New book resource 2009.05.05

New book resource 2009.05.05

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New Industries from New Places: The Emergence of the Hardware and Software Industries in China and India

by Neil Gregory , Stanley D. Nollen , Stoyan Tenev
by Stanford University Press , World Bank
Published March 2009
ISBN: 0-8213-6478-2

Software comes from India, hardware comes from China. Why is that? Why did China and India take such different paths to global dominance in new high-tech industries? Will their paths continue to diverge or converge? How can other countries learn from their successes and failures in reaching global scale in new industries?

To answer these questions, this book presents the first rigorous comparison of the growth of the IT industries in China and India, based on interviews with over 300 companies. It explains the different growth paths of the software and hardware sectors in each country, providing insights into the factors behind the emergence of China and India as global economic powers. It provides a compelling case study of how differences in economic policies and the investment climate affect industrial growth.

This book sheds new light on common debates on "China versus India", on why India is the software capital of the world while China is a manufacturing powerhouse. It refutes common myths about the growth of these industries for example, the role of Non-Resident Indians or the Y2K problem in the growth of the Indian software industry, the role of government intervention in industrial growth, and the relative size of China and India's software industries.

"Neil Gregory, Stanley Nollen, and Stoyan Tenev have written an excellent book on technology and economic development in China and India. The treatment is far more detailed than previous studies, and its coverage is also comprehensive as it analyzes the developments in these two giant, emerging economies. I recommend this book to those who are interested in gaining a deep insight into the economic development of China and India and to those who are in the position to think about long-term policy responses to the rise of China and India."

-Yasheng Huang
MIT Sloan School of Management

"This insightful volume results from carefully executed—quantitative as well as qualitative—comparative work in countries that have followed different development trajectories. It helps that the countries, China and India, are important to the world by their sheer size and dynamism, and that the industries chosen (software and hardware) are vital to all the world's societies."

-Tarun Khanna
Author, Billions of Entrepreneurs: How China and India are Reshaping their Futures—and Yours (Harvard Business School Press)

Moving Out of Poverty, Volume 2: Success from the Bottom Up

by Deepa Narayan , Lant Pritchett , Soumya Kapoor
by Palgrave Macmillan , World Bank
Published March 2009
ISBN: 0-8213-7215-7

"No matter if I fall, I get up again. If I fall 5,000 times, I will stand up another 5,000 times."
- William, a 37-year-old from El Gorriуn, Colombia

Why and how do some people move out of poverty—and stay out—while others remain trapped? Most books on growth and poverty reduction are dominated by the perspectives of policy makers and academic experts. In contrast, Moving Out of Poverty: Success from the Bottom Up presents the experiences of poor people who have made it out of poverty. The book's findings draw from the Moving Out of Poverty research conducted in communities in 15 countries in Africa, East Asia, Latin America, and South Asia. The authors synthesize the results of qualitative and quantitative research based on discussions with over 60,000 people in rural areas. They offer bottom-up perspectives on the processes and local institutions that play key roles in escapes from poverty.

The study finds that there are no differences in the initiatives taken by the poor, the rich, and the upwardly mobile. What, then, explains the difference in outcomes? The authors demonstrate how—in the face of deep social inequalities that block access to economic opportunities and local democracies—:individual initiative and empowerment by themselves are often not enough to escape poverty.

This book will be of interest to all concerned with equity in an increasingly unequal world.

Монгол Улсын хүн амын дотоод шилжих хөдөлгөөний чиг хандлага, үр дагавар: Судалгааны тайлан

НХХЯ, МУИС-ЭЗС-Хүн амын сургалт судалгааны төв, НҮБ-ын Хүн Амын Сан
Хэвлэсэн: 2009

Тус судалгаа нь Монгол Улсын хүн амын дотоод шилжих хедөлгөөний талаарх бодлого, хууль эрх зүйн баримт бичиг, өмнө хийгдсэн судалгаа, шинжилгээний ажлууд болон шилжих хөдөлгөөний өнөөгийн байдалд үнэлэлт дүгнэлт өгсөн томоохон хэмжээний судалгаа шинжилгээний бүтээл болсон гэж үзэж байна.
Судалгаанд олон шатат түүврийн арга, чанарын болон тоон аргачлалыг хослуулан хэрэглэсэн бөгөөд Бүсчилсэн хөгжлийн үзэл баримтлал, Монгол Улсын төрөөс хүн амын хөгжлийн талаар баримтлах бодлогын хүрээнд хэрэгжүүлж болох арга хэмжээний талаар зөвлөмж гаргаж, Мянганы хөгжлийн зорилтын шилжих хөдөлгеөнтэй холбоотой шинэ шалгуур үзүүлэлтийг тооцох арга зүйг санал болгосон юм. Түүнчлэн шилжих хөдөлгөөний талаар төрөөс хэрэгжүүлж буй бодлого, хөтөлбөр, хууль эрх зүйн баримт бичгийн уялдаа холбоо, хэрэгжилт, өнөөгийн нөхцөл байдалд нийцтэй байгаа эсэхэд бодлогын дүн шинжилгээ хийснээрээ өмнө хийгдсэн судалгааны ажлуудаас онцлог боллоо гэж хэлж болохоор байна.

The book is available at Development Information Resource Center , Open Society Forum.

Address: Open Society Forum, Jamiyan gun Street - 5/1, Ulaanbaatar-48, Mongolia Tel: 976-11-313207

Date : 2009-05-07 00:42:41                        

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